երախ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Old Armenian երախ (erax)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

երախ (erax)

  1. mouth (of an animal), maw, jaws
  2. (pejorative) mouth (of a human), piehole, trap, cakehole
  3. mouth (of a pipe or pipeline)
  4. (figuratively) opening, gap

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • երախ in Ēduard Ałayan (1976), Ardi hayereni bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Explanatory Dictionary of Modern Armenian], in 2 vols, Yerevan: Hayastan

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

As correctly noted by J̌ahukyan, a borrowing from Iranian *rax. Compare Sogdian rγʾh, Yagnobi рах (rax). Compare also related dialectal ռեխ (ṙex). J̌ahukyan then asks in a footnote, whether these are related to Avestan [script?] (sraxti, edge, corner), Persian رخ (rux, cheek) from Proto-Indo-European *srakʷ- (sharp-edged), a view taken by Bailey.

Noun[edit]

երախ (erax

  1. mouth (of humans); muzzle (of animals)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • երախ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 159b
  • երախ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, volume I, page 666c
  • երախ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume II, pages 34–35
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, volume III, page 1001
  • “rahā” in Harold W. Bailey (1979), Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, page 360b
  • Geworg J̌ahukyan (1987), Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Written Period], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 524
  • երախ in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 219b