հուն

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian հուն (hun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

հուն (hun)

  1. ford, shallow
    Հունը չգիտցած գետը մտնել։Hunə čʿgitcʿac getə mtnel. ― To enter the river not knowing the ford.
  2. riverbed
  3. dried riverbed
  4. bottom of the sea, lake or river
  5. way, direction, course
    հունի մեջ դնելhuni meǰ dnel ― to put into the right order or course, to give an adequate course or direction
    հունի մեջ ընկնելhuni meǰ ənknel ― to fall onto the right direction, to begin with an ordered work
    հունից հանելhunicʿ hanel ― to take out of the right order
  6. (dialectal) top
    հուն ելնելhun elnel ― to vanquish, to surmount (literally, to come up to the top)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • հուն in A. S. Łaribyan, Ē. B. Ałayan, G. B. J̌ahukyan, S. G. Abrahamyan, V. D. Aṙakʿelyan (editors-in-chief) (1969–80), Žamanakakicʿ hayocʿ lezvi bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Explanatory Dictionary of Contemporary Armenian], in 4 vols, Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 424

Middle Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian հուն (hun).

Noun[edit]

հուն (hun)

  1. way, direction, course
    ի հուն ելնելi hun elnel ― to come to one's senses, to come to reason
    ի հուն հանելi hun hanel ― to bring to reason, to bring to senses
  2. limit, border, end
  3. top
    ի հուն ելանելi hun elanel ― to cope with, succeed in, to come up to the top, to a successful accomplishment
    ի հուն հանելi hun hanel ― to cause to succeed

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ի հուն ելնել and ի հուն հանել in Ṙuben Łazaryan, Henrik Avetisyan (2009), Miǰin hayereni baṙaran [Dictionary of Middle Armenian] (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • հուն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • հուն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pónteh₁s. Cognates include Sanskrit पथिन् (páthin), Persian پند (pand, advice), Ancient Greek πάτος (pátos), πόντος (póntos), Latin pons, and Old Church Slavonic пѫть (pǫtĭ). See also Georgian ფონი (p’oni).

Noun[edit]

հուն (hun

  1. ford, shallow
  2. (as an adjective) shallow
  3. passage, way
  4. opening, gap

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In the compound անհուն (anhun) the word also means ‘bottom, base’. For the sense development compare Latin vadum (shallow, ford; bottom of the sea).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • հուն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հուն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հուն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 422