ձիւն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European nominative *ǵʰéi-ōm; cognate with Ancient Greek χιών (khiṓn), Avestan [script needed] (ziiā̊, winter), Latin hiems, Hittite 𒄀𒈠𒀭 (giman), Proto-Slavic *zima. The genitive ձեան (jean) is from Proto-Indo-European genitive *ǵʰi-m-ós. Related to ձմեռն (jmeṙn, winter) and ձմեթ (jmetʿ).

Noun[edit]

ձիւն (jiwn

  1. snow
    հատ ձեանhat jean ― snowflake
    մանր ձիւնmanr jiwn ― fine snow
    խոշոր ձիւնxošor jiwn ― large flakes
    հալեալ ձիւնhaleal jiwn ― thawed snow
    կոյտ ձեանkoyt jean ― snowdrift
    հիւս ձեանhiws jean ― snowslip
    մոյկ ձեանmoyk jean ― snow shoe
    սպիտակ իբրեւ զձիւնspitak ibrew zjiwn ― as white as snow, snowy white
    ձիւն գայ, իջանէjiwn gay, iǰanē ― it snows
    ձիւնն դիզանիjiwnn dizani ― the snow gathers
    ձիւն բազում եկնjiwn bazum ekn ― it had snowed very hard, there had been a heavy fall of snow
    ձեան գնտակս արձակել, ձգելjean gntaks arjakel, jgel ― to snow-ball

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ձիւն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • ձիւն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ձիւն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 435