սառն

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian սառն (saṙn); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

սառն (saṙn)

  1. cold, cool
    սառը ջուրsaṙə ǰur ― cold water
    սառն աշունsaṙn ašun ― cold autumn
  2. (figuratively) unfriendly, cold

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The primitive root is սառ- (saṙ-), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱal-, an ablaut of *ḱel- (to freeze, become cold). Cognates include Sanskrit शिशिर (śiśira, cold, coolness), Avestan [script?] (sarəta-, cold), Middle Persian [script?] (sart) (Persian سرد (sard, cold)), Middle Persian [script?] (sarmāk) (Persian سرما (sarmā, winter)), Lithuanian šarmà (hoarfrost), Old Church Slavonic слана (slana, hoarfrost) and слота (slota, bad weather) and Old Norse héla (hoarfrost).

Noun[edit]

սառն (saṙn) (singular genitive սառին, singular ablative սառամբ, plural genitive սառանց)

  1. ice
    հատոր սառանցhator saṙancʿ ― piece or block of ice
  2. glazed frost
  3. crystal

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

սառն (saṙn) (singular genitive սառին, singular ablative սառամբ}, plural genitive սառանց))

  1. cold, frozen

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • սառն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • սառն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • սառն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University