սառն

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian սառն (saṙn); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

սառն (saṙn) (superlative ամենասառն)

  1. cold, cool
    սառը ջուրsaṙə ǰur ― cold water
    սառն աշունsaṙn ašun ― cold autumn
  2. (figuratively) unfriendly, cold

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱar-n, from *ḱer-, *ḱel- (to freeze, become cold). Cognate with Old Norse hjarn (hard frozen snow, frozen earth covered with snow); Lithuanian šerkšnas (rime, hoarfrost), Latvian sērsna (snow crust). Further cognate with Sanskrit शिशिर (śiśira, cold, coolness), Avestan [script needed] (sarəta-, cold), Middle Persian [script needed] (sart) (Persian سرد (sard, cold)), Middle Persian [script needed] (sarmāk) (Persian سرما (sarmā, winter)), Lithuanian šarmà (hoarfrost), Old Church Slavonic слана (slana, hoarfrost) and слота (slota, bad weather) and Old Norse héla (hoarfrost).

Noun[edit]

սառն (saṙn

  1. ice
    հատոր սառանցhator saṙancʿ ― piece or block of ice
  2. glazed frost
  3. crystal

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

սառն (saṙn

  1. cold, frozen

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • սառն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • սառն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • սառն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • սառն in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5