եւ

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Character  և 
Unicode name ARMENIAN SMALL LIGATURE ECH YIWN
Codepoint U+0587
See also: -եւ

Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From ե + ւ. The typographical variant և (ew) is a ligature of these two symbols.

Letter[edit]

եւ

  1. The 37th letter of Armenian alphabet according to the spelling reform of the Armenian language of 1922-1924. Represents IPA(key): [ɛv] (but IPA(key): [jɛv] word-initially). Transliterated as ew.
Usage notes[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian եւ (ew); see it for more.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • յեվ (yev) (reformed orthography spelling in 1922–1940)

Conjunction[edit]

եւ (ew)

  1. (somewhat formal) and
Synonyms[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi- (on, at). Cognates include Ancient Greek ἐπί (epí) and Sanskrit अपि (api).

Conjunction[edit]

եւ (ew)

  1. and; also, likewise
    եւ ..., եւ ...ew ..., ew ... — both ... and ...
    եւ ոչew očʿ — neither, no, nor
    ոչ մին եւ ոչ միւսնočʿ min ew očʿ miwsn — neither; neither one nor the other
    եւ երիտասարդ եւ ծերքew eritasard ew cerkʿ — both young and old
    եւ այլնew ayln — et cetera, and so on
    եւ այն զի, եւ այս զիew ayn zi, ew ays zi — the more so
    եւ արդew ard — now, then
    եւ եւսew ews — also, more, over, still, moreover, likewise
    եւ զի, եւ քանզիew zi, ew kʿanzi — since, because
    չեւ, չեւ եւսčʿew, čʿew ews — not yet; not till now
    չեւ տեսեալčʿew teseal — before seeing

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: եւ (ew)

References[edit]

  • եւ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • եւ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • եւ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Ranko Matasović (2009), A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian, Zagreb, page 10