א

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See also: [U+2135 ALEF SYMBOL] and Appendix:Variations of "a"

Translingual[edit]

Hebrew letter Alef.svg
Unicode name HEBREW LETTER ALEF
Unicode block Hebrew
Codepoint U+05D0

Etymology[edit]

Phoenician alefAramaic ĀlafAramaic alef

Modification of Aramaic 𐡀 (ā, ē, Ālef), closely related to Syriac ܐ (, Ālap, Olaf) and Arabic (ā ʾ, alif), ultimately from Phoenician 𐤀 (, alef).

Letter[edit]

א

  1. The first letter of the Hebrew alphabet.

See also[edit]

Symbol[edit]

א

  1. (mathematics) (a transfinite cardinal number)

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Hebrew[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme, usually) IPA(key): /ʔ/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /alef/

Letter[edit]

א (transliteration needed) (Hebrew letter alef or aleph)

  1. The first letter of the Hebrew alphabet.

Usage notes[edit]

In Modern Israeli Hebrew, א (, alef) represents either a glottal stop (IPA(key): /ʔ/), or has no pronunciation besides that of the vowel attached to it. The pronunciation varies from group to group.

א (, alef)—along with the other guttural letters, ע (ʿ, ayin), ר (r, resh), ה (h, he), and ח (, hḥêṯ)—cannot receive a dagesh (the dot in בּ (b, bet), which can appears in most other Hebrew letters), although there are rare examples where the Masoretes added a dagesh to it.

א (, alef) is sometimes used to denote a vowel (usually IPA(key): /a/) in words of Aramaic and Arabic origin, in foreign names, and in some other borrowed words.

Numeral[edit]

א (transliteration needed) (Gematria)

  1. (in Hebrew numbering Gematria) The numeral 1.

See also[edit]