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Etymology 1[edit]

From class-1 dhatu √vid, lemma वेत्ति (vetti, to know, understand), itself from Proto-Indo-European *weyd-.


वेद (védam

  1. knowledge, true or sacred knowledge or lore, knowledge of ritual
    • RV 8.19.5b
      यः समिधा य आहुती यो वेदेन ददाश मर्तो अग्नये |
      यो नमसा सवध्वरः ||
      yaḥ samidhā ya āhutī yo vedena dadāśa marto aghnaye |
      yo namasā svadhvaraḥ ||
      The mortal who hath ministered to Agni with oblation, fuel, ritual lore,
      And reverence, skilled in sacrifice.
  2. Veda
  3. Name of the number "four"
  4. feeling, perception
  5. = वृत्त (vṛtta) (v.l. वित्त (vitta))

Etymology 2[edit]

From root √vid.


वेद (vedam

  1. finding, obtaining, acquisition
    सुवेद (su-veda) — easy to be found or obtained

Etymology 3[edit]

Perhaps connected with √ve (√ve, to weave or bind together).


वेद (vedám

  1. a tuft or bunch of strong grass (कुश (kuśa) or मुञ्ज (muñja)) made into a broom (and used for sweeping, making up the sacrificial fire etc., in rites)

Etymology 4[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

वेद (Vedam

  1. Name of a pupil of आयोद (āyoda).


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 1015