ἐξίστημι

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἐκ (ek) +‎ ῐ̔́στημῐ (hístēmi)

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ἐξῐ́στημῐ (eksístēmi)

  1. (transitive) I displace; I change
    • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Cic. 10
      καὶ παντὸς εἶναι τοῦ τολμήσαντος ἐκστῆσαι τὴν πολιτείαν
      and it was in the power of any bold man to overthrow the commonwealth
    1. (figuratively) I drive one out of their senses; I amaze, excite
      • 405 BCE, Euripides, The Bacchae 850
        πρῶτα δ᾽ ἔκστησον φρενῶν
        First drive him out of his senses
      • 50 CE – 100 CE, The Gospel of Luke 24.22
        ἀλλὰ καὶ γυναῖκές τινες ἐξ ἡμῶν ἐξέστησαν ἡμᾶς
        Also, some women of our company amazed us
    2. I get rid of
  2. (intransitive)
    1. I am displaced, I make way; I stand aside from
      • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Sym. 4.31
        καὶ ὁδῶν ἐξίστανται οἱ πλούσιοι
        and rich men stand aside for me on the street
      • 405 BCE, Euripides, The Bacchae 928
        ἀλλ᾽ ἐξ ἕδρας σοι πλόκαμος ἐξέστηχ᾽ ὅδε
        But this lock of hair is displaced
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 3.76
        ἐνθαῦτα ἐκστάντες τῆς ὁδοῦ ἐδίδοσαν αὖτις σφίσι λόγους
        Then they argued there, standing beside the road
      1. (with accusative) I shrink from, shun
        • 497 BCE – 405 BCE, Sophocles, Ajax 82
          φρονοῦντα γάρ νιν οὐκ ἂν ἐξέστην ὄκνῳ
          I would not shrink from him in fear, if he were sane.
      2. I go out of joint
        • 460 BCE – 370 BCE, Hippocrates, Aphorisms 6.59
          ἐξίσταται τὸ ἰσχίον, καὶ πάλιν ἐμπίπτει
          if the hip-bone comes out of joint and returns to its socket
    2. (with genitive of object) I retire from, give up possession of
      • 480 BCE – 411 BCE, Antiphon of Rhamnus, First Tetralogy 2.9
        ἁλοὺς μὲν γὰρ τὴν γραφὴν τῆς μὲν οὐσίας ᾔδη ἐκστησόμενος
        If I was convicted on the indictment, I knew that I should be stripped of my property
      1. I abandon
        • 445 BCE – 380 BCE, Lysias, Accusation of Calumny 18
          ἐγὼ τοίνυν ἑκὼν ὑμῖν ἐξίσταμαι τῆς φιλίας
          I therefore willingly resign your friendship
        • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Laws 907.d
          προαγορεύων ἐξίστασθαι πᾶσι τοῖς ἀσεβέσι τρόπων τῶν αὑτῶν
          forewarning all the impious to quit their ways
      2. I lose, give up
        • 422 BCE, Aristophanes, The Wasps 477
          ἦ μοι κρεῖττον ἐκστῆναι τὸ παράπαν τοῦ πατρὸς
          it would be better to give up my father completely
      3. I lose my wits; I am distraught, astonished
      4. (absolutive) I change my position or opinion
      5. (language) I am removed from common usage
    3. I stand out, project

Usage notes[edit]

The present, imperfect, future, and first aorist active forms govern the transitive senses, while the middle voices, second aorist and active perfect and pluperfect forms govern the intransitive.

Inflection[edit]


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

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