なんか

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Japanese[edit]

Particle[edit]

なんか (romaji nanka)

  1. 何か: (Adverbial particle emphasizing disgust, contempt, or otherwise negative feelings of the speaker.)
    なんか (nanka) can follow a noun:
    助言 (じょげん)なんか ()らない。
    jogen nanka iranai.
    I don't need any of your (damn) advice.
    なんか (nanka) can follow a verb:
     (およ)なんかできない。
    oyogu nanka dekinai.
    I can't swim.
    なんか (nanka) can follow an adjective:
     (おお)きくなんかないけど、きれいだ。
    ōkiku nanka nai kedo, kirei da.
    It's not big [or anything], but it's clean.

Usage notes[edit]

なんか (nanka) is usually followed by a verb which conveys some kind of undervalue, lacking, or dislike, often in the negative.

なんか (nanka) can immediately follow i-adjectives, using the adjective's ku form if followed by the negative, or if the adjective is followed by no. Na-adjectives require the copula da or no before nanka.

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

なんか (romaji nanka)

  1. 軟化: softening, mollification
  2. 南下: going south

Verb[edit]

なんか + する (romaji nanka suru)

  1. 軟化: to soften, to weaken
  2. 南下: to go south