中山 (hiragana なかやま, romaji Nakayama)
- A surname.
中山 (hiragana ちゅうざん, romaji Chūzan)
- Chūzan, a kingdom that once existed in the Ryukyu Islands from 1314 to 1429.
中山 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin )
- an alias of Sun Yat-sen's
- Zhongshan - a prefecture-level city in the south-east of China in the province of Guangdong
- (archaic) Zhongshan, a feudal state that was located in modern day Dingzhou, Hebei