傀儡

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("() chunk, lump") +  ("() to pile up, to accumulate"). Semantically, "statues made of soil and timber" (Liezi) > "puppet" > "(figurative) puppet" (Qing Dynasty); also "sulks, pent-up sorrow" (Qing Dynasty).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

傀儡

  1. (kuǐlěi)
    1. puppet
    2. (figuratively) puppet, someone who is manipulated by another
  2. (guīlěi)
    1. sulks, pent-up sorrow

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji

Etymology 1[edit]

Perhaps cognate with kugutsu (hand bag). Wondering artisans would put their puppets in hand bags while traveling.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

傀儡 (hiragana くぐつ, romaji kugutsu)

  1. a puppet
  2. a female artisan who wandered from place to place, entertaining and performing with a puppet.
  3. a prostitute.

Etymology 2[edit]

kwairai > kairai.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

傀儡 (hiragana かいらい, romaji kairai, historical hiragana くゎいらい)

  1. A puppet
  2. A person who is used to use or controlled as pleased like a puppet by a 'puppetmaster'.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

傀儡 (goeroe) (hangeul 괴뢰)

  1. Hanja form? of 괴뢰, “puppet”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

傀儡

  1. Hán tự form of quỷ lỗi, "puppet"