大きい

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
kun'yomi
See also 大きな

Etymology[edit]

Appearing in the Muromachi period (1337 to 1573).

From older adjectival noun 大き (ōki), derived from attributive form ōki of cognate adjective ōshi (meaning both “large” or “many”, spelled as 多し or 大し, modern Japanese 多い (ōi, many)), in turn derived from Old Japanese adjectival noun opo (“indistinct; of uncertain size, shape, or amount”; read as ō in modern Japanese, spelled as or ).

/opoki//oɸoki//owokiː//oːkiː/

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

大きい (-i inflection, hiragana おおきい, historical hiragana おほきい, romaji ōkii)

  1. big
  2. broad, immense

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

大きい (​ōkii) and 大きな (​ōkina) are essentially the same word. However, while ōkii can be used both attributively and to end a sentence, ōkina can only be used attributively, and must be followed by a noun or noun phrase.

  • Correct grammar:
    あの車はおおきい。 / あの車はおおきいです。Ano kuruma wa ōkii. / Ano kuruma wa ōkii desu. ― That car is big.
  • Incorrect grammar:
    あの車はおおきな。 / あの車は大きなです。 ― *Ano kuruma wa ōkina. / *Ano kuruma wa ōkina desu. ― *That car is a big __.
Since ōkina can only be used attributively, a noun must come after the word.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]