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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from () – Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + : many rooms under a roof (a palace).

Note that though 宮 (with joined boxes: 呂) is the traditional form, the form 宫 (with unjoined boxes: 吕) dates to oracle script, and was used in succeeding forms as well.

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十口口 (JRR), composition口)

  1. palace
  2. temple
  3. dwelling
  4. enclose
  5. first note in the Chinese pentatonic scale (do)

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (宮), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 居戎切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨuŋ/ /ki̯uŋ/ /kiuŋ/ /kiuŋ/ /kuwŋ/ /kĭuŋ/ /kiuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gōng ‹ kjuwng › /*k(r)uŋ/ dwelling; palace; note of scale

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4147 0 /*kuŋ/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gung) (hangeul , revised gung, McCune-Reischauer kung)

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