枕詞

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 6
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (makura, pillow) +‎ (kotoba, word). The pillow meaning is in reference to the way that makura kotoba in poetry are used as introductions to something else.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

枕詞 (hiragana まくらことば, romaji makura kotoba)

  1. an epithet, specifically a poetic device where a certain introductory phrase is commonly used to allude to something else, traditionally used in 和歌 (waka, traditional Japanese poetry)
    Over time, certain makura kotoba may become full metonyms to replace the term they originally only alluded to, such as the Old Japanese phrase niwa tsu tori or “garden bird” replacing the older term kake to mean “chicken”, as in the modern Japanese term (niwatori). An example of such a makura kotoba:
    711-712: Kojiki (Kami tsu maki)
    爾波都登理 迦祁波那久
    庭つ鳥 鶏は鳴く
    にわつとり かけはなく
    niwa tsu tori, kake wa naku
    the garden bird, the chicken clucks

Related terms[edit]