越南

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Chinese[edit]

Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Literally: south of Yue.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (越南, reconstructed)
Character (越), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 月
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 王伐切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦʉɐt̚/ /i̯wɐt̚/ /ɣiuɐt̚/ /ɦʷiɐt̚/ /ɦuat̚/ /ɣĭwɐn/ /ɣiuɐt̚/
Character (越), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 末
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸括切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/ /ɦʷɑt̚/ /ɦwat̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Character (南), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 覃
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 那含切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nʌm/ /năm/ /nᴀm/ /nəm/ /nəm/ /nɒm/ /nɒm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (越南, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuè ‹ hjwot › /*[ɢ]ʷat/ pass over
nán ‹ nom › /*nˤ[əә]m/ south

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16330 1 /*ɢʷaːd/
16333 1 /*ɢʷad/
9355 2 /*nuːm/

Proper noun[edit]

越南

  1. Vietnam

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (越南):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 2
Irregular

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

越南 (hiragana べとなむ, katakana ベトナム, romaji Betonamu, hiragana えつなん, romaji Etsunan)

  1. (obsolete) Vietnam

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Proper noun[edit]

越南 (Wollam) (hangeul 월남)

  1. Hanja form? of 월남, “(obsolete) Vietnam”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

越南

  1. Hán tự form of Việt Nam, "Vietnam"