黄砂

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Cantonese[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄砂 (simplified, Jyutping wong4 sa1, traditional 黃砂)

  1. yellow sand, loess

Hakka[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄砂 (vong2 sa1) (traditional 黃砂)

  1. yellow sand, loess

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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黄砂: Kyōto, spring 2010, with the skies full of yellow sand (Asian Dust).
The Taklamakan Desert, source of the Asian Dust.
Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2

Grade: 6
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 黃砂 (hwang *shra, yellow sand). Compare modern simplified Mandarin 黄砂.

Kan'on reading of both characters, suggesting a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄砂 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 黃砂, hiragana こうさ, historical hiragana くわうさ, romaji kōsa)

  1. yellow sand
  2. loess
  3. (figurative) a desert
  4. Asian Dust
  5. (figurative) a gaol (UK), jail (US), prison
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おう
Grade: 2

Grade: 6
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese. Goon reading of first character, kan'on reading of second, suggesting an alteration in Japan after the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄砂 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 黃砂, hiragana おうさ, historical hiragana わうさ, romaji ōsa) (rare)

  1. (see kōsa reading above)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Mandarin[edit]

simpl.
trad. 黃砂

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin huángshā
Zhuyin ㄏㄨㄤˊ ㄕㄚ
IPA (key) /xu̯ɑŋ³⁵ ʂa̠⁵⁵/

Noun[edit]

黄砂 (simplified, Pinyin huángshā, traditional 黃砂)

  1. (literally) yellow sand, loess
  2. Asian Dust (meteorological phenomenon in East Asia)

Min Nan[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄砂 (simplified, POJ hong2 sê1, traditional 黃色, simplified 黄色)

  1. yellow sand, loess

Wu[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄砂 (ɦuaŋ so)

  1. yellow sand, loess