-sti

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Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-sti (not comparable and comparable; comparative -mmin, superlative -immin)

  1. (multiplicative) Corresponds number + times structure in English.
    kaksi (two) → kahdesti (twice)
    kymmenen (ten) → kymmenesti (ten times)
    moni (many) → monesti (many times)
    usea (many) → useasti (often)
  2. (adverbial suffix, comparable) Forms adverbs from adjectives; corresponds to the English suffix -ly.
    kaunis (beautiful) → kauniisti (beautifully)
    ruma (ugly) → rumasti (uglily)
  3. (intensifier) Forms intensifying adverbs from certain nouns.
    helvetti (hell) → helvetisti (hellishly)
    rutto (plague) → rutosti (a lot)
  4. -ist (forms names of occupations from some nouns)
    viulu (violine) → viulisti (violinist)
  5. -ist (supporter of an idea)
    rasisti (racist), kommunisti (communist)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (multiplicative) Used only with small numbers, and with some pronouns; note that yksi (one) → yhdesti (once) is not standard Finnish (compare kerran).
  • (adverbial suffix) The suffix is appended to the weak stem, i.e. one takes the n off the genitive singular form and adds this suffix to it. The resulting adverb is comparable, if the base word is comparable: for example kauniisti, kauniimmin (more beautifully), kauneimmin (most beautifully). It can be appended to all adjectives, but also to selected nouns and numerals.
  • (intensifier) The suffix is often applied to a vulgar term: perkeleperkeleesti.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (expression of how many times something happens): kertaa

Derived terms[edit]

adverbial suffix

See also[edit]