-ulum

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Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inflected form of -ulus, a variant of the diminutive suffix -lus. Alternatively a phonologically conditioned alteration of Latin -culum, from Proto-Indo-European *-tlom, generated by a rule deleting the suffix-initial stop in positions after stops.

Suffix[edit]

-ulum n (genitive -ula); second declension

  1. Used to form a noun of instrument or means from a verb.

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -ulum is added to the future stem of a verb to form a neuter noun of means or instrument using the action of the verb.

Examples:
vinculum (chain), from vincō (I win, conquer) (compare vincam (I will win, will conquer))
vocābulum (designation; wordlist), from vocō (I name, designate) (compare vocābō (I will name, will designate))

Inflection[edit]

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative -ulum -ula
genitive -ulī -ulōrum
dative -ulō -ulīs
accusative -ulum -ula
ablative -ulō -ulīs
vocative -ulum -ula

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ulum

  1. nominative neuter singular of -ulus
  2. accusative masculine singular of -ulus
  3. accusative neuter singular of -ulus
  4. vocative neuter singular of -ulus

References[edit]

  • CLARKSON, James, Indo-European Word Formation: Proceedings from the International Conference, 2002