Israelite (plural Israelites)
- A native or inhabitant of the (1) united nation of Israel (under the Judges, and then kings Saul, David and Solomon), or (2) the later northern kingdom centered in Samaria, distinct from kingdom of Judah centered in Jerusalem.
- A member of the Twelve Tribes of Israel and a descendant of Jacob.
Israelite (not comparable)
- Of or pertaining to the ancient nation(s) of Israel, their inhabitants, or to the descendants of the patriarch Jacob.
Israeli is the noun and adjective for the modern state of Israel and its people, and is not to be confused with Israelite. The usage as a descendant of Jacob is rare, very narrowly confined to mainly protestant religious contexts.