Liebe

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See also: liebe

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German liebe (the quality of love, pleasure, joy, favour, love), from Old High German liob, lioba (fortune, health, pleasantness, joy), from Proto-Germanic *leubn-, *leubō (love), from Proto-Indo-European *lubʰ- (to enjoy, to long for), zero-grade of *lewbʰ-. Cognates include Old High German luba, English love, from Proto-Germanic *lubō.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈliːbə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːbə
  • Homophone: lebe (in some German dialects)
  • Hyphenation: Lie‧be

Noun[edit]

Liebe f (genitive Liebe, plural Lieben)

  1. (uncountable) love (tender feeling of affection)
    • 1787, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Egmont
      Und konnte ich fürchten, daß diese unglückliche Liebe das kluge Klärchen so bald hinreißen würde? Ich muß es nun tragen, daß meine Tochter--
      And could I imagine, that this unhappy love would so soon carry away the prudent little Klara? I must endure it now, that my daughter--
  2. (uncountable) lust (sexually or erotically motivated inclination)
  3. (uncountable) sexual intercourse (bodily union as a result of lust)
  4. (informal): short for love affair
  5. love (term of endearment)
  6. (plural) loves, loved ones (members of one's family or close friends)
    • 1784: Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller, Kabale und Liebe
      Ihr steht bestürzt, guten Leute, erwartet angstvoll, wie sich das Räthsel entwickeln wird?--Kommt näher, meine Lieben!--Ihr dientet mir redlich und warm [...]
      You stand dismayed, good people, worry fearfully how the riddle will develop?--Come closer, my loves!--You served me fairly and warmly [...]

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In the Bavarian and Swabian dialects, this word becomes Liab; in Swiss German, Liäbi or Liebi; and in Low Saxon Lieve.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Deutsches Wörterbuch von Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm : "Liebe"
  • Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon Liebe