appall

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • appal (occasionally in Commonwealth English)

Etymology[edit]

Old French apalir (to grow pale, make pale); a (Latin ad) + palir (to grow pale, to make pale), pâle (pale). See pale (adj.) and compare with pall.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

appall (third-person singular simple present appalls, present participle appalling, simple past and past participle appalled)

  1. (transitive) To depress or discourage with fear; to impress with fear in such a manner that the mind shrinks, or loses its firmness; to inundate with sudden terror or horror; to dismay.
    The sight appalled the stoutest heart.
    • Edward Hyde Claredon
      The house of peers was somewhat appalled at this alarum.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To make pale; to blanch.
    • Wyatt
      The answer that ye made to me, my dear, [] / Hath so appalled my countenance.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To weaken; to enfeeble; to reduce.
    • Holland
      Wine, of its own nature, will not congeal and freeze, only it will lose the strength, and become appalled in extremity of cold.
  4. (intransitive, obsolete) To grow faint; to become weak; to become dismayed or discouraged.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gower to this entry?)
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To lose flavour or become stale.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]