bārda

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See also: barda, bárda, and bārdā

Latvian[edit]

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 Bārda on Latvian Wikipedia

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Bārda
Kazas bārda

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *bardā (with lengthening: *-àr- > -ā̀r-), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰardʰeh₂ (beard), from the stem *bʰar- (projecting forward; tip, point; bristle, awn), which is perhaps a form of *bʰer- (to cut, to grate, to split, to hit). Cognates include Lithuanian barzdà (< *barzdā-, a parallel form of *bardā-, with an extra z perhaps because of d:zd phonetic variation), Old Prussian bordus, Proto-Slavic *borda (Old Church Slavonic брада (brada), Russian борода (borodá), Czech brada (beard, chin), Polish broda (beard, chin)), Proto-Germanic *barda- (Old High German bart, German Bart, Old English, English beard), Latin barba (< *farba).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bārda f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy) beard (hair that grows on men's cheeks and chins)
    vaigu bārda — sideburns (lit. cheek beard)
    sirma bārda — gray beard
    kupla bārda — bushy beard
    skūt bārdu — to shave a beard
    audzēt bārdu — to grow (lit. raise) a beard
    biezi, melni bārdas rugāji noseguši zodu un vaigus — thick, black beard stubbles covered (his) chin and cheeks
  2. (of animals) beard (hair, hair-like formation on the lower jaw)
    āža, kazas bārdagoat beard
    bārdas zivsbeard(ed) fish

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “bārda” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7