bruken

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Low German[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German brūken, Old Saxon brūkan, from Proto-Germanic *brūkaną.

Verb[edit]

bruken (past singular bruuk, past participle bruukt, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to need to, to have to (in negation or with the adverb alleen (just, only), you can also use möten)
    Du bruukst nich op mi to töven.
    You don’t need to wait for me.
    (or Du musst nich op mi to töven, see usage notes).

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • In a negative sentence, möten is often used instead of bruken. For example, you don't need to go yet is usually translated by du musst noch nich gahn instead of du bruukst noch nich to gahn.
  • The verb nödig hebben is used to express the need of something.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Low German gebrūken, Old Saxon gibrūkan, from Proto-Germanic *gabrūkaną.

Verb[edit]

bruken (past singular bruuk, past participle bruukt, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to use

Conjugation[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bruken m, n

  1. definite masculine singular of bruk

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

bruken

  1. definite plural of bruk