castigate

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Early 17th cent., from Latin castīgātus, past participle of castīgō (I reprove), from castus (pure, chaste), from Proto-Indo-European *kesa (cut) [1] [2].

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

castigate (third-person singular simple present castigates, present participle castigating, simple past and past participle castigated)

  1. To punish severely; to criticize severely; to reprimand severely.
    • 1977, Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, Penguin Classics, p. 261:
      The curse of avarice and cupidity / Is all my sermon, for it frees the pelf. / Out come the pence, and specially for myself, / For my exclusive purpose is to win / And not at all to castigate their sin.
  2. To revise or make corrections to a publication.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tower of Babel, Indo-European Etymological Database
  2. ^ Wordsmith etymology of castigate

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

castigate f

  1. Feminine plural form of castigato

Verb[edit]

castigate

  1. second-person plural present indicative of castigare
  2. second-person plural imperative of castigare
  3. feminine plural of castigato

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

castīgāte

  1. first-person plural present active imperative of castīgō