Borrowing from French chauvinisme (originally ‘idealistic devotion to Napoleon’), named from Nicolas Chauvin de Rochefort, a soldier of the First Republic known for his excessive patriotism, especially famous after featuring as a character in Cogniard's play La Cocarde Tricolore.
- (RP) IPA: /ˈʃəʊ.vɪ.nɪ.zəm/, X-SAMPA: /"S@U.vI.nI.z@m/
- (US) IPA: /ˈʃoʊ.vɪˌnɪzm̩/, X-SAMPA: /"SoU.vI.nI.z@m/
- (Australia) IPA: /ˈʃəʊ.və.nɪ.zəm/, X-SAMPA: /"S@U.v@.nI.z@m/
- (pejorative) Excessive patriotism, eagerness for national superiority; jingoism.
- (pejorative) Unwarranted bias, favoritism, or devotion to one's own particular group, cause, or idea.
- Feminists say that male chauvinism is still prevalent in cultures worldwide.