From Middle English esterne, from Old English ēasterne (“eastern”), from Proto-Germanic *austrōnijaz (“eastern”), from Proto-Indo-European *austero- (“eastern”), from Proto-Indo-European *aus- (“to shine”). Cognate with Old Saxon and Old High German ōstrōni (“eastern”), Old Norse austrœnn (“eastern”). More at east.
eastern (comparative more eastern, superlative most eastern)
- Of, facing, situated in, or related to the east.
- 1948, Carey McWilliams, North from Mexico / The Spanish-Speaking People of The United States, J. B. Lippincott Company, page 25,
- While De Anza was exploring the Bay of San Francisco, seeking a site for the presidio, the American colonists on the eastern seaboard, three thousand miles away, were celebrating the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
- (of a wind) Blowing from the east; easterly.
- (loosely) Oriental.
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See also