equus

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See also: Equus

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • equos (till the middle of the first century B.C.)
  • ecus (the regular development, later remodeled to equus on the analogy of the stem equ- as remained, e.g., in the genitive equi.)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *ekwos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos (horse). Cognates include Ancient Greek ἵππος (híppos), Sanskrit अश्व (aśva) and Old Armenian էշ (ēš, donkey), Tocharian B yakwe, Gaulish epos.

Pronunciation[edit]

equus (a horse)

Noun[edit]

equus m (genitive equī); second declension

  1. A horse
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid II.48
      Equo ne credite, Teucri! Quidquid id est, timeo Danaos et dona ferentis.
      Do not trust the horse, Trojans! Whatever it is, I fear the Danaans even if they are bearing gifts.
  2. A steed, charger

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative equus equī
genitive equī equōrum
dative equō equīs
accusative equum equōs
ablative equō equīs
vocative eque equī

Synonyms[edit]

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