armentum

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A reanalysis of the older feminine singular armenta as a neuter plural, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂er-mn̥-teh₂, from the *h₂er- (to join) + *-mn̥ + *-teh₂. Semantic development was "grouping, joining" > "herd". Related to arma.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

armentum n (genitive armentī); second declension

  1. herd of cattle
  2. head of cattle
  3. (in the plural) cattle

Inflection[edit]

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative armentum armenta
genitive armentī armentōrum
dative armentō armentīs
accusative armentum armenta
ablative armentō armentīs
vocative armentum armenta

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 54
  2. ^ armentum” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.