excommunicate

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Late Latin excommunicātus, perfect passive participle of excommunicō (put out of the community).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective and Noun:

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌɛkskəˈmjuːnɪkət/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌɛkskəˈmjunəkət/

Verb:

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌɛkskəˈmjuːnɪkeɪt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌɛkskəˈmjunəkeɪt/

Adjective[edit]

excommunicate (not comparable)

  1. Excommunicated.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, John IX:
      the iewes had conspyred allredy that yff eny man did confesse that he was Christ, he shulde be excommunicat out of the Sinagoge.
    • Shakespeare
      Thou shalt stand cursed and excommunicate.

Noun[edit]

excommunicate (plural excommunicates)

  1. A person so excluded.

Verb[edit]

excommunicate (third-person singular simple present excommunicates, present participle excommunicating, simple past and past participle excommunicated)

  1. (transitive) To officially exclude someone from membership of a church or religious community.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 17, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      “Perhaps it is because I have been excommunicated. It's absurd, but I feel like the Jackdaw of Rheims.” ¶ She winced and bowed her head. Each time that he spoke flippantly of the Church he caused her pain.
  2. (transitive) To exclude from any other group; to banish.

Synonyms[edit]

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