helvus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃wós (yellow, green), from *ǵʰelh₃- (to shine) + *-wós (whence Latin -vus). Cognate to Sanskrit हरि (hári), Ancient Greek χλωρός (khlōrós) and Old English ġeolu (English yellow). Akin to holus (vegetable(s)) (originally "green things").

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

helvus m (feminine helva, neuter helvum); first/second declension

  1. honey-yellow
    • 1st century AD, Lucius Iunius Moderatus Columella, De Re Rustica, Book III Ch. 2
      Sunt et Helvolae, quas non nulli varias appellant, neque purpureae neque nigrae, ab helvo, nisi fallor, colore vocitatae.
      There are also the Helvolans, which some call variae. They are neither purple nor black; from their honey-yellow colour they get their name, if I'm not wrong.

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative helvus helva helvum helvī helvae helva
genitive helvī helvae helvī helvōrum helvārum helvōrum
dative helvō helvae helvō helvīs helvīs helvīs
accusative helvum helvam helvum helvōs helvās helva
ablative helvō helvā helvō helvīs helvīs helvīs
vocative helve helva helvum helvī helvae helva

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • helvus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 282