monotone

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the post-Classical Latin monotonus (unvarying in tone) or its etymon the Ancient Greek μονότονος (monótonos, steady”, “unwavering); compare cognate adjectives, namely the French monotone, the German monoton, the Italian monotono, and the Spanish monótono, as well as the slightly earlier English noun monotony and adjective monotonical.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

monotone (comparative more monotone, superlative most monotone)

  1. (of speech or a sound) having a single unvaried pitch
    • 1799, John Walker, Elements of Elocution, Cooper and Wilson, page 309:
      It is no very difficult matter to be loud in a high tone of voice; but to be loud and forcible in a low tone, requires great practice and management; this, however, may be facilitated by pronouncing forcibly at firſt in a low monotone; a monotone, though in a low key, and without force, is much more ſonorous and audible than when the voice ſlides up and down at almoſt every word, as it muſt do to be various.
    • 1940, Asiatic Society (Calcutta, Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, India), Journal of the Asiatic Society, page 95:
      The prominence of the syllables is more monotone than in English, the intonation of the latter having a larger variation of stressed and unstressed syllables.
    • 1998, Roger W. Shuy, Bureaucratic Language in Government and Business, Georgetown University Press, Research on Telephone vs. In-Person Administrative Hearings, page 76:
      In the formal register, such variation is reduced and the talk has a more monotone, business-like quality.
  2. (mathematics) property of a function to be either always decreasing or always increasing
    • The function f(x):=x^3 is monotone while g(x):=x^2 is not.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

monotone (plural monotones)

  1. A single unvaried tone of speech or a sound
    When Tima felt like her parents were treating her like a servant, she would speak in monotone and act as though she were a robot.

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

monotone (third-person singular simple present monotones, present participle monotoning, simple past and past participle monotoned)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To speak in a monotone.

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

monotona +‎ -e

Adverb[edit]

monotone

  1. monotonously
  2. in monotone

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

monotone (masculine and feminine, plural monotones)

  1. monotone
  2. whose speech is monotone
  3. boring due to uniformity or lack of variety; monotonous

External links[edit]


Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

monotone

  1. feminine plural of monotono