pharetra

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek φαρέτρα (pharétra, quiver).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pharetra f (genitive pharetrae); first declension

  1. a quiver
  2. (by extension) a kind of sundial in the form of a quiver

Usage notes[edit]

  • In ordinary Classical Latin pronunciation, when tr co-occur intervocalically at a syllabic boundary (denoted in pronunciatory transcriptions by <.>), both consonants are considered to belong to the latter syllable; if the former syllable contains only a short vowel (and not a long vowel or a diphthong), then it is a light syllable. Where the two syllables under consideration are a word's penult and antepenult, this has a bearing on stress, because a word whose penult is a heavy syllable is stressed on that syllable, whereas one whose penult is a light syllable is stressed on the antepenult instead. In poetic usage, where syllabic weight and stress are important for metrical reasons, writers sometimes regard the t in such a sequence as belonging to the former syllable; in this case, doing so alters the word's stress. For more words whose stress can be varied poetically, see their category.

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative pharetra pharetrae
genitive pharetrae pharetrārum
dative pharetrae pharetrīs
accusative pharetram pharetrās
ablative pharetrā pharetrīs
vocative pharetra pharetrae

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pharetra in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879