sapphire

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See also: Sapphire

English[edit]

A sapphire
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Etymology[edit]

Old French saphir, from Latin sapphirus, from Ancient Greek ἡ σάπφειρος (hē sáppheiros, precious stone, gem) (2nd decl.; transliterated /sápfiros/ in Biblos - Strong's Greek, entry 4552, sometimes spelt σάμφειρος in Griechisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch or unusually hyphened as σάπ-φειρος by Leander van Ess in "Hē palaia diathēkē kata tous hebdomēkonta" published in 1835), from a Semitic language (compare Hebrew סַפִּיר (sappir) (cf. Strong's Concordance: entry 5601, probably ultimately from a non-Semitic source such as Sanskrit शनिप्रिय (śanipriya, dear to Saturn) and dark-coloured stone (cf. Sanskrit Dictionary for Spoken Sanskrit).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈsæf.aɪ.ə(ɹ)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sap‧phire

Noun[edit]

sapphire (plural sapphires)

  1. A clear deep blue variety of corundum, valued as a precious stone.
    • 2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 128: 
      Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.
  2. A white, yellow, or purple variety of corundum, either clear or translucent.
  3. A deep blue colour.
    sapphire colour:    
  4. A type of South American hummingbird.
    The blue-chinned sapphire can be found many parts of South America, depending on season.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

sapphire (comparative more sapphire, superlative most sapphire)

  1. of a deep blue colour.

Translations[edit]

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Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

sapphīre f

  1. vocative singular of sapphīrus