siers

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Siers on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Siers

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as the adjective sūrs (bitter) (q.v.), from which it is ultimately derived, in the (older) form *sūris or *sūrs; the original meaning was thus “bitter (one).” The vowel was later changed under the influence of the common expression siet sieru “to make (lit. tie, bind) cheese.” Cognates include Lithuanian sū́ris, Old Prussian suris ([sūris]), sur ([sūr]), Russian, Belarusian сыр (syr), Ukrainian сир (syr), Bulgarian сирене (sírene), Czech sýr, Polish ser, Old Norse sýra (sour milk), Old High German, Old English sūr, German sauer, English sour.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

siers m (1st declension)

  1. cheese (dairy product made from curdled or cultured milk)
    siera ražošanacheese production
    skābpiena siers — sour milk cheese
    kausētais siers — processed cheese
    ciets, pusciets, mīksts siers — hard, semi-hard, soft cheese
    trekns, liess siers — fat, lean milk
    Latvijas, Holandes siers — Latvian, Dutch cheese
    zaļais siers — blue cheese
    siet sieru — to prepare (lit. to tie, to bind) cheese (in the form of a circular disc, by wrapping it with cloth and placing it under pressure)
    biezpiens un siers ir ļoti labi bioloģiski vērtīgu olbaltumvielu, kalcija un fosfora avoti — curd and cheese are very good sources of biologically valuable proteins, calcium and phosphorus
  2. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) cheese; made of cheese; with added cheese
    siera salāti'cheese salad
    siera maizītecheese bun
    siera radziņicheese croissants
    siera cepumicheese biscuits, crackers
    siera sviestam patīkama garša un aromātscheese butter (has) pleasant taste and aroma

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “siers” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7