zelf

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch self, from Old Dutch self, *selvo, from Proto-Germanic *selbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *selbʰ- (one's own), from *s(w)e- (separate, apart). Compare Low German sulv, West Frisian self, English self, German selbst, Danish selv.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

zelf

  1. (intensifier) oneself, referring to the subject of a sentence: myself, yourself, itself, ourselves, themselves etc.
    Zelf ging hij er niet heen.
    He himself did not go there.
  2. oneself, by oneself, alone
    Ik kan dat niet zelf, kun je me helpen?
    I can't do that (by) myself, can you help me?

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

zelf n (uncountable)

  1. self