ķiploks

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Latvian[edit]

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 ķiploks on Latvian Wikipedia
Ķiploks

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Middle Low German klüflōk(garlic) (cf. German Knoblauch, Dutch knoflook), with klüf- from Proto-Germanic *kliuban(to split, to cut) and -lōk “onion, leek” (cf. German Lauch, Dutch look, English leek), i.e., originally “split, segmented onion.” This loandword is first mentioned in 17th-century dictionaries.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

ķiploks m (1st declension)

  1. garlic (herbaceous plant, sp. Allium sativum, with pungent edible bulbs)
    ziemas ķiploki‎ ― winter garlic
    savvaļas ķiploks‎ ― wild garlic
    ķiploka sīpols‎ ― garlic bulb (lit. garlic onion)
    tulpes, lilijas, virtuves sīpolus, ķiplokus un vēl citus augus apvieno liliju dzimtā‎ ― tulips, lillies, kitchen onions, garlic and still other plants combine (to form) the lilly family (Liliaceae)
    ķiploki izaug no 20 līdz 100 cm augsti‎ ― garlic grows from 20 to 100 cm long
  2. garlic (the bulbs of this plant, much used for cooking)
    ierīvēt gaļu ar ķiploku‎ ― to rub meat with garlic
    gaļu griež šķēlēs, tās viegli izdauza, ierīvē ar pārgrieztu ķiploka daiviņu‎ ― one cuts the meat into slices, beats those, and then rubs a chopped clove of garlic (on them)
    mitoloģijā ķiploki aizsargā arī no vampīriem‎ ― in mythology, garlic protects also against vampires

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ķiploks”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7