ķiploks

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Latvian[edit]

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 Ķiploks on Latvian Wikipedia

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Ķiploks

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Middle Low German klüflōk ("garlic") (cf. German Knoblauch, Dutch knoflook), with klüf- from Proto-Germanic *kliuban (to split, to cut) and -lōk “onion, leek” (cf. German Lauch, Dutch look, English leek), i.e., originally “split, segmented onion.” This loandword is first mentioned in 17th-century dictionaries.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

ķiploks m (1st declension)

  1. garlic (herbaceous plant, sp. Allium sativum, with pungent edible bulbs)
    ziemas ķiploki — winter garlic
    savvaļas ķiploks — wild garlic
    ķiploka sīpolsgarlic bulb (lit. garlic onion)
    tulpes, lilijas, virtuves sīpolus, ķiplokus un vēl citus augus apvieno liliju dzimtā — tulips, lillies, kitchen onions, garlic and still other plants combine (to form) the lilly family (Liliaceae)
    ķiploki izaug no 20 līdz 100 cm augstigarlic grows from 20 to 100 cm long
  2. garlic (the bulbs of this plant, much used for cooking)
    ierīvēt gaļu ar ķiploku — to rub meat with garlic
    gaļu griež šķēlēs, tās viegli izdauza, ierīvē ar pārgrieztu ķiploka daiviņu — one cuts the meat into slices, beats those, and then rubs a chopped clove of garlic (on them)
    mitoloģijā ķiploki aizsargā arī no vampīriem — in mythology, garlic protects also against vampires

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “ķiploks” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.