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Alternative forms[edit]


From Japanese 大山祇 ‎(Ōyamatsumi, literally great + mountain + god).

Proper noun[edit]


  1. (mythology, Shintō) A brother of Amaterasu, Tsukuyomi and Susanoo, and an important kami in charge of the mountains and the sea. Sometimes also viewed as in charge of sake brewing and war.[1]
    • 2003, Mark Teeuwen, Fabio Rambelli, Buddhas and Kami in Japan, RoutledgeCurzon, page 24:
      [] , this mountain was a cult site for the kami Ōmiwa Myōjin and Ōyamatsumi, and a shrine temple dedicated to these deities already existed there.
    • 2008, Susan Zitterbart, Kumano Mandara: Portraits, Power, and Lineage in Medieval Japan, page 29:
      When Saichō (767-822) established Enryakuji on Mount Hiei as his Tendai center he adopted the already enshrined kami of the cultic site, Ōmiwa Myōjin and Ōyamatsumi, as tutelary deities of the monastic center.
    • 2009, Herman Ooms, Imperial Politics and Symbolics in Ancient Japan, University of Hawaiʻi Press, page 41:
      [] , and ritually they create the world and beget Amaterasu, Susanoo, and Ōyamatsumi.


  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan




  1. rōmaji reading of おおやまつみ