A glyph development from the Phoenician letter 𐤅 (w, “waw”) in several epichoric alphabets, wherein Ͷ, ͷ (Ͷ, v) denoted the archaic phoneme /w/, which was elsewhere denoted by Ϝ, ϝ (W, w, “digamma”). In the Pamphylian Greek dialect, /w/ gained the allophone [v]; consequently, Ϝ, ϝ (W, w) was adopted to mark the distinction (albeit inconsistently), with Ͷ, ͷ (Ͷ, v) denoting the original [w] and Ϝ, ϝ (W, w) denoting the novel phone [v].
- (Pamphylian Greek) digamma, denoting a voiced labio-velar approximant, and sorted between epsilon and zeta
An alteration of Ϻ, ϻ (Ϻ, ś, “san”); it occurred in the Arcadocypriot Greek dialect of Mantinea in Arcadia, wherein it is believed that it denoted a reflex of the Proto-Greek phoneme */kʷ/, intermediate between it and the later Arcadocypriot /sː/.
- (Arcadocypriot tsan): Σ̱ (S̱)
Applied due to the resemblance of the Melian glyph to the Unicode reference glyph shared by the Pamphylian digamma and Arcadocypriot tsan.