Ͷ

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See also: ͷ, и, 𐑍, 𐐥, and И
Ͷ U+0376, Ͷ
GREEK CAPITAL LETTER PAMPHYLIAN DIGAMMA
͵
[U+0375]
Greek and Coptic ͷ
[U+0377]

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A glyph development from the Phoenician letter 𐤅 (w, waw) in several epichoric alphabets, wherein Ͷ, ͷ (Ͷ, v) denoted the archaic phoneme /w/, which was elsewhere denoted by Ϝ, ϝ (W, w, digamma). In the Pamphylian Greek dialect, /w/ gained the allophone [v]; consequently, Ϝ, ϝ (W, w) was adopted to mark the distinction (albeit inconsistently), with Ͷ, ͷ (Ͷ, v) denoting the original [w] and Ϝ, ϝ (W, w) denoting the novel phone [v].

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Pamphylian, hypothesised) IPA(key): [w]

Letter[edit]

Ͷ (V) (upper case, lower case ͷ)

  1. (Pamphylian Greek) digamma, denoting a voiced labio-velar approximant, and sorted between epsilon and zeta

Etymology 2[edit]

An alteration of Ϻ, ϻ (Ϻ, ś, san); it occurred in the Arcadocypriot Greek dialect of Mantinea in Arcadia, wherein it is believed that it denoted a reflex of the Proto-Greek phoneme */kʷ/, intermediate between it and the later Arcadocypriot /sː/.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Arcadocypriot, hypothesised) IPA(key): /t͡sʼ/

Letter[edit]

Ͷ (Ś) (upper case, lower case ͷ)

  1. (Arcadocypriot) tsan, denoting an alveolar ejective affricate; its sorting order is not known
Synonyms[edit]
  • (Arcadocypriot tsan): Σ̱ ()

Etymology 3[edit]

Applied due to the resemblance of the Melian glyph to the Unicode reference glyph shared by the Pamphylian digamma and Arcadocypriot tsan.

Letter[edit]

Ͷ (B) (upper case, lower case ͷ)

  1. (nonstandard) an allograph of Β occurring in inscriptions from the isle of Melos