θύρσος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably an Anatolian loanword. Compare Luwian [script needed] (tuwarsa, vine).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /tʰýr.sos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈtʰyr.sos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈθyr.sos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈθyr.sos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈθir.sos/
  • Noun[edit]

    θῠ́ρσος (thúrsosm (genitive θῠ́ρσου); second declension

    1. a wand wreathed in ivy and vine-leaves with a pine-cone at the top, carried by the devotees of Dionysus
    2. the devotees themselves
    3. Hesychius defines it as κλάδος (kládos, stick, branch), ῥάβδος (rhábdos, stick, rod)

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Latin: thyrsus (see there for further descendants)

    Further reading[edit]