λέων

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See also: Λέων

Ancient Greek[edit]

Λίθινος τῆς Δήλου λέων

Etymology[edit]

Many ancient languages possessed similar words for lion, including Akkadian 𒌨 ‎(labbu) (reconstructed to Proto-Semitic *labiʾ-). It is unclear who borrowed the word from whom, though the ultimate source is likely not Indo-European.

With stem leont- for leon- (influenced by the present participle), as revealed by the feminine λέαινα ‎(léaina) and Latin leō.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

λέων ‎(léōnm ‎(genitive λέοντος); third declension leon lewn may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek λέων.

  1. lion
    πολλοὶ μὲν γὰρ λέουσι τῶν ἀνδρῶν εἴξασι καὶ Κενταύροις καὶ τοιούτοισιν ἑτέροις (Plato, Polit. 291.a.9)
  2. One having the characteristics of a lion (positive or negative): savage, noble, brave.

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Alternative forms of the dative plural include λείουσι (late Epic) and λεόντεσσι.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • λέων in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «λέων» in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «λέων» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «λέων» in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • «λέων» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • Leon idem, page 1015.
    • lion idem, page 493.

Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

λέων ‎(léonm ‎(plural λέοντες)

  1. Katharevousa form of λιοντάρι ‎(liontári, lion, brave man)