λέων

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See also: Λέων

Ancient Greek[edit]

Λίθινος τῆς Δήλου λέων

Etymology[edit]

Many ancient languages possessed similar words for lion, including Akkadian 𒌨 (labbu) (reconstructed to Proto-Semitic *labiʾ-). It is unclear which of them are related and who borrowed from whom. The ultimate source is likely not Indo-European, however.

The τ (t) in the stem λεοντ- (leont-) was influenced by the present participle. The original stem was *λεον- (*leon-), as shown by λέαινα (léaina, female lion) and Latin leō. If the stem were originally λεοντ- (leont-), the feminine form would be *λέουσα (*léousa).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

λέων (léōnm (genitive λέοντος); third declension

  1. lion
    πολλοὶ μὲν γὰρ λέουσι τῶν ἀνδρῶν εἴξασι καὶ Κενταύροις καὶ τοιούτοισιν ἑτέροις (Plato, Polit. 291.a.9)
  2. One having the characteristics of a lion (positive or negative): savage, noble, brave.

Usage notes[edit]

Alternative forms of the dative plural include λείουσι (leíousi) (late Epic) and λεόντεσσι (leóntessi).

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • → Coptic: ⲗⲉⲱⲛ (leōn)
  • → Latin: leō (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

λέων (léonm (plural λέοντες)

  1. Katharevousa form of λιοντάρι (liontári, lion, brave man)