ξίφος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Already in Late Mycenaean Greek (Ta-716 from Pylos), attested in the dual 𐀥𐀯𐀟𐀁 ‎(qi-si-pe-e, two swords) (mostly ideographically as 𐃉 ‎(𐃉)). Probably of non-Greek origin, probably also reflected in Egyptian sf.t "sword". Perhaps from an Old Semitic saif or sef (Dümichen 1867), or from a Libyan or "Sea Peoples" word (Myres 1930).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ξῐ́φος ‎(xíphosn ‎(genitive ξῐ́φεος or ξῐ́φους); third declension

  1. sword, the short, straight, double-edged sword of the Iron Age and Classical Antiquity.
    1. the sword-shaped bone of the cuttlefish
      1. swordfish
    2. a type of plant (compare ξιφίον ‎(xiphíon))

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • A. Heubeck, 'Mykenisch *qi-si-po- = ξίφος', Minos 6 (1958), 114–116.
  • Johannes Dümichen, Historische Inschriften altägyptischer Denkmäler vol. 1, Leipzig (1867), 26-27.
  • John Linton Myres, Who were the Greeks?, University of California Press, 1930, p. 590

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek ξίφος ‎(xíphos, s-stem).

Noun[edit]

ξίφος ‎(xífosn

  1. sword

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]