πάλαι

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kʷel-.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /pá.lai̯/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈpa.lɛ/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈpa.lɛ/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈpa.le/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈpa.le/
  • Adverb[edit]

    πάλαι (pálai)

    1. (of a point in the past)
      1. long ago, in days past
      • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 1.2.1
        φαίνεται γὰρ ἡ νῦν Ἑλλὰς καλουμένη οὐ πάλαι βεβαίως οἰκουμένη
        phaínetai gàr hē nûn Hellàs kalouménē ou pálai bebaíōs oikouménē
        For apparently what is now called Hellas was not constantly inhabited in times past
      1. Of past time closer to the present: before, earlier, a while ago
        • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Cr. 43b
          Σωκράτης: ἄρτι δὲ ἥκεις ἢ πάλαι;
          Κρίτων: ἐπιεικῶς πάλαι.
          Sōkrátēs: árti dè hḗkeis ḕ pálai?
          Krítōn: epieikôs pálai.
          Socrates: Did you arrive just now or a while ago?
          Crito: Quite a while ago.
      2. with a present-tense verb since a point in the past, for a long time
        • 386 BCE – 367 BCE, Plato, Meno 93b
          τοῦτ᾽ ἔστιν ὃ πάλαι ζητοῦμεν ἐγώ τε καὶ Μένων.
          toût᾽ éstin hò pálai zētoûmen egṓ te kaì Ménōn.
          This is what Meno and I have been trying to figure out for a while.

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]