πῦρ

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See also: πυρ

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *péh₂wr̥. Cognates include Old English fȳr (English fire), Old Armenian հուր ‎(hur), Hittite 𒉺𒀪𒄯 ‎(paḫḫux), Tocharian A por, and Tocharian B puwar.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

πῦρ ‎(pûrn ‎(genitive πυρός); third declension pur pyr may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek πῦρ.

  1. a fire
    1. a funerary fire
    2. a sacrificial fire
  2. lightning
  3. a fever

Usage notes[edit]

Not used in plural, but there is a related second-declension plural noun πῠρᾰ́ ‎(purá, watchfires); distinguish this from the first-declension noun πῠρᾱ́ ‎(purā́, funeral pyre).

Inflection[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • πῦρ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «πῦρ» in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «πῦρ» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «πῦρ» in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • «πῦρ» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.