հուր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian հուր (hur).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

հուր (hur)

  1. fire

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *puh₂r-, from *péh₂ur.

The sense “pyramidal” is a calque of Ancient Greek πυραμίς (puramís), as if it were from πῦρ (pûr, fire)

Noun[edit]

հուր (hur)

  1. fire
    հուրն անշէջ‎ ― hurn anšēǰhell, hellfire
    շրջմոլիկ հուր‎ ― šrǰmolik hurnight-fire, Will-o'-the-wisp, Jack-o'-lantern, ignis fatuus
    հուր արկանել, վառել‎ ― hur arkanel, vaṙelto set on fire, to light, to kindle, to make a fire
    հուր հարկանել, արկանել, տալ, հրով/հուրբ դատել‎ ― hur harkanel, arkanel, tal, hrov/hurb datelto set fire to, to burn, to set on fire, to inflame, etc.
    ի հուր եւ ի սուր սպառել, մաշել զամենայն‎ ― i hur ew i sur spaṙel, mašel zamenaynto put every thing to fire and sword, to destroy by burning; to chastise with fire and sword, to punish severely
    ի հուր այրիլ, տոչորիլ‎ ― i hur ayril, točʿorilto be burnt, consumed by fire
    իւղ արկանել զհրով‎ ― iwł arkanel zhrovto add fuel to the flames
    հուր առնուլ‎ ― hur aṙnulto catch or take fire, to fire or blaze up
    չառնուլ հուր‎ ― čʿaṙnul hurto miss fire
    հուր վարեալ բորբոքէր ի Գաղղիա‎ ― hur vareal borbokʿēr i Gałłiaall France was on fire, all in a blaze
    ի հո՛ւր, ի հո՛ւր, հուր հարաւ զտանէ‎ ― i húr, i húr, hur haraw ztanēfire! fire! the house is on fire!
    առ սէր քո տայր զինքն/մատնէր զանձն եւ ի հուր‎ ― aṙ sēr kʿo tayr zinkʿn/matnēr zanjn ew i hurhe would go through fire and water for your sake
  2. (figuratively) fire, heat, spirit, ardour
  3. (figuratively) passion, love, flame
  4. (as an adjective) fiery, igneous
  5. (as an adjective) pyramidal

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “հուր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “հուր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 97
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 426
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian[1] (pdf), Zagreb, page 9
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “հուր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy