հուր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian հուր ‎(hur).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

հուր ‎(hur)

  1. fire

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *puh₂r-, from *péh₂ur.

Noun[edit]

հուր ‎(hur

  1. fire
    հուրն անշէջ‎ ― hurn anšēǰ ― hell, hellfire
    շրջմոլիկ հուր‎ ― šrǰmolik hur ― night-fire, Will-o'-the-wisp, Jack-o'-lantern, ignis fatuus
    հուր արկանել, վառել‎ ― hur arkanel, vaṙel ― to set on fire, to light, to kindle, to make a fire
    հուր հարկանել, արկանել, տալ, հրով/հուրբ դատել‎ ― hur harkanel, arkanel, tal, hrov/hurb datel ― to set fire to, to burn, to set on fire, to inflame, etc.
    ի հուր եւ ի սուր սպառել, մաշել զամենայն‎ ― i hur ew i sur spaṙel, mašel zamenayn ― to put every thing to fire and sword, to destroy by burning; to chastise with fire and sword, to punish severely
    ի հուր այրիլ, տոչորիլ‎ ― i hur ayril, točʿoril ― to be burnt, consumed by fire
    իւղ արկանել զհրով‎ ― iwł arkanel zhrov ― to add fuel to the flames
    հուր առնուլ‎ ― hur aṙnul ― to catch or take fire, to fire or blaze up
    չառնուլ հուր‎ ― čʿaṙnul hur ― to miss fire
    հուր վարեալ բորբոքէր ի Գաղղիա‎ ― hur vareal borbokʿēr i Gałłia ― all France was on fire, all in a blaze
    ի հո՛ւր, ի հո՛ւր, հուր հարաւ զտանէ‎ ― i húr, i húr, hur haraw ztanē ― fire! fire! the house is on fire!
    առ սէր քո տայր զինքն/մատնէր զանձն եւ ի հուր‎ ― aṙ sēr kʿo tayr zinkʿn/matnēr zanjn ew i hur ― he would go through fire and water for your sake
  2. (figuratively) fire, heat, spirit, ardour
  3. (figuratively) passion, love, flame
  4. (as an adjective) fiery, igneous
  5. (as an adjective) pyramidal (a translation of Ancient Greek πυραμίς ‎(puramís), as if it were from πῦρ ‎(pûr, fire))

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • հուր in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հուր in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հուր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • Ranko Matasović (2009), A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian, Zagreb, page 9
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 426
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 97