կրակ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian կրակ (krak).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

կրակ (krak)

  1. fire
  2. (figuratively) light, lamp
  3. (figuratively) fever
  4. (figuratively) heat
  5. (figuratively) fervour
  6. shooting, firing

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An Iranian borrowing. Compare Persian کوره (kure, furnace) and Georgian კერა (ḳera), კერაკი (ḳeraḳi), კერაკანი (ḳeraḳani), also from Iranian.

An inheritance from Proto-Indo-European *g(e)u-ro- (glowing coal), with Proto-Germanic *kulą and Irish gúal as cognates, has also been proposed, but this is unconvincing.

Noun[edit]

կրակ (krak)

  1. fire, flames
    կրակ լուցանել, վառելkrak lucʿanel, vaṙelto kindle, to light, to make a fire
    արծարծել զկրակarcarcel zkrakto stir, to poke the fire
    շիջուցանել զկրակšiǰucʿanel zkrakto put out, to extinguish, to quench the fire
  2. (figuratively) fire, heat, flame, spirit, ardour

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “կրակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “կրակ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “կրակ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 378