батяр

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Ukrainian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First recorded in the 20th century. Borrowed from Hungarian betyár(vagabond, unemployed lad, ruffian), from Bulgarian or Serbo-Croatian, from Turkish bekâr(wifeless), from Persian بیکار(bīkār, unemployed), from Arabic بِكْر(bikr, virgin), Persian بکر(bekr, chaste, virginal).

Compare obsolete Bulgarian бекяр(bekjár) or бекярин(bekjárin, bachelor, poor landless peasant), Czech beťar(wanderer, ruffian), Polish batiar, baciarz, or byciar(juvenile boy, vagabond), Serbo-Croatian бећар/bećar(bachelor, knave), Slovak beťar(wanderer, ruffian).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ба́тяр ‎(bátjarm anim ‎(genitive батяра́, nominative plural батярі́, feminine батя́рка)

  1. (Western Ukraine) tramp, vagabond, ruffian

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Often львівський батяр (l’vívs’kyj bátjar), "Lviv batjar". Batjar culture and batjar songs were a popular phenomenon amongst Ukrainians and Poles in the city of Lviv during 1900–39.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Romanization[edit]

References[edit]

  • Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (1982–2012), “батяр”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), Kiev: Naukova Dumka
  • Rudnycʼkyj, Jaroslav B. (1962–1972), “батяр”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language (in Ukrainian), volume I, Winnipeg: Ukrainian Free Academy of Sciences, pages 88, 118