тупраҡ

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Bashkir[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *toprak (earth, soil).

Cognate with Old Uyghur [script needed] (topraq, soil)[1]; Tatar туфрак (tufraq), Kazakh топырақ (topıraq), Kyrgyz топурак (topurak), Uzbek tuproq, Azerbaijani torpaq, Turkish toprak (earth, soil), Khakas тобырах (tobırax, soil), Shor тобрақ (soil), Yakut тобурах (toburax, hail; dust), Chuvash тӑпра (tăpra, soil).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [tupˈrɑq]
  • Hyphenation: туп‧раҡ

Noun[edit]

тупраҡ (tupraq)

  1. earth, soil
  2. land, territory
  3. (religion) soil, dust, ashes (from which human is created)
    Тупраҡтан яралғанбыҙ, тупраҡҡа ҡайтабыҙ.
    Tupraqtan yaralğanbïð, tupraqqa qaytabïð.
    We are made of soil, and to soil we shall revert. (=Ashes to ashes, dust to dust)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nadeljajev, V. M.; Nasilov, D. M.; Tenišev, E. R.; Ščerbak, A. M., editors (1969) Drevnetjurkskij slovarʹ [Dictionary of Old Turkic] (in Russian), Leningrad: USSR Academy of Sciences, Nauka, page 575