ածեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵ- (to drive), specifically either from the thematic root present *h₂éǵ-e-ti or the zero-grade formation *h₂ǵ-es- (the question hinges on the outcome of *h₂e- in Armenian, which is disputed).

Verb[edit]

ածեմ (acem)

  1. to carry, to fetch, to bring (copiously used figuratively and idiomatically)
    ածել ընդ իւրacel ənd iwrto conduct
    ածել ի ներքս, ի մէջacel i nerkʿs, i mēǰto introduce
    ածել ի վերայ/ածել թափելacel i veray/acel tʿapʿelto infer
    ածել ի/վերածելacel i/veracelto reduce
    ածել ընդ քարշacel ənd kʿaršto drag along
    ածել զբոցովacel zbocʿovto pass through flame, to enflame, to burn
    ածել զմտաւacel zmtawto consider, to think, to reflect
    ածել զբռամբacel zbṙambto seize, to lay hold of
    առանց ընդ բանս ինչ ածելոյaṙancʿ ənd bans inčʿ aceloywithout making any objection, readily
    ածել զիւրեւ՝ յինքնacel ziwrew, yinkʿnto seduce, to entice
    թեկն ածել զիրիքtʿekn acel zirikʿto attempt; to aspire to, to pant for, to seek; to embroil; to sell off, to dispose of; to explain one's self, to pretend to be
  2. to put on (clothes or accessories)
    գօտի ածելgōti acelto gird
  3. to pour (a liquid)
  4. to strike, to hit
    ածել ումեք սուսերաւacel umekʿ suserawto strike someone with a sword
  5. (post-classical) to shave
    ածել զհերսacel zhersto raze hair
  6. (post-classical) to grow (a plant)
  7. (post-classical) to play (a musical instrument)
  8. (post-classical) to lay (eggs)
    ածել զձուacel zjuto lay eggs

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ածեմ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ածեմ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 391
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 111
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “acem”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 16
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ածեմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy