անուր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian անուր ‎(anur); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

անուր ‎(anur)

  1. collar (for animals)
  2. (figuratively) oppression, yoke

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₁(e)h₂no- +‎ -ուր ‎(-ur) and cognate with Latin anus, Old Irish áinne (Irish fáinne). According to Martirosyan, we may be dealing with a substrate word.

Ałayan derives from earlier *անդուր ‎(*andur) (compare անդրակ ‎(andrak)), from Proto-Indo-European *əndorō, grown from the root *i-n-dro/*endro, a by-form of *oid- ‎(to swell), whence այտնում ‎(aytnum), with a sense development “to swell, swelling” → “round” → “ring”, but this is considered untenable by Martirosyan. Ałayan also connects անդրուար ‎(andruar).

Noun[edit]

անուր ‎(anur)

  1. ring; collar; necklace
  2. collar of the pillory
  3. (figuratively) oppression, yoke

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “անուր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “անուր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “անուր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Ałayan, Ēduard (1974) Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, pages 20–22
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “anur”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 97