fáinne

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See also: fainne and fàinne

Irish[edit]

fáinne

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish áinne, from Proto-Celtic *ānniyos (ring), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eh₂n- (ring). Possibly cognate with Latin ānus and Old Armenian անուր (anur). The initial f comes from a reinterpretation of áinne as fháinne in leniting environments, leading to fáinne as a back-formation from this supposedly underlying form in nonleniting environments. Compare Scottish Gaelic fàinne.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fáinne m (genitive singular fáinne, nominative plural fáinní)

  1. ring
    Leis an bhfáinne seo, pósaim thú.With this ring, I thee wed.
  2. circle
  3. ringlet, curl
    Synonyms: bachall, búcla, drol, caschiabh, fáinneog, iodh, lúibín
  4. halo

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fáinne fháinne bhfáinne
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "fáinne" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • fáinne” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “fáinne” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “fáinne” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.